THE PENNEY LIBRARY, The Penney Family Book
Penney Library


Chapter 3


John Penny, eldest son of Roger (see Chapter 2), was b. in 1728 or 29 and bp. Jan. 11, 1730 at St. Nicholas, Deptford. He is first mentioned in the Dockyard records during the Lady quarter of 1746 as shipwright apprentice to Roger Penny (ADM 42/537). At that time he worked 75-1/2 days, 0 nights and 104 tides, earning 6, 6s, 0d. The total given with his father's earnings was 10, 19s, 6d. In 1747 John was again indicated to be a "servant" to Roger.

In 1748, as noted in Chapter 2, John was listed as "servant to the exec. (executor, his mother) of Roger Penny" (ADM 42/539), and Sept. 1 he was "servant to the widow Penny" (ADM 106/2976). His age at this time was given as 19-1/2 yrs, suggesting he was b. in Jan. or Feb. of 1729. Since he had 3 yrs 6 mos service at this time, he must have entered the Dockyard early in the year 1745. This conclusion is supported by an entry of Jan. 1, 1777, stating he entered (the Dockyard) Feb. 19, 1745 (ADM 106/2977). In 1748 his behavior was described as "well". In 1749, 50, and 51 he was again listed as "servant to the ex of Roger Penny".

Nicholas Farrant was another of the Deptford Yard shipwrights during the mid-18th century. Farrant, an unusual name, possibly derived from the French word for iron-worker, was seen prominently in later years in Sheerness.

The parish registers of St. Paul's, Deptford, the "new church", show John Penny, "bachelor", m. Elizabeth Rout, "spinster", Sunday, Sept. 10, 1758, "by license". Both were of that parish. From the Marriage Licence and Bond (typescript below, photocopy in illustrations), we found that Elizabeth was the daughter of Norbury Rout, Baker, of St. Paul's, Deptford. She was bp. at St. Nicholas, Deptford, on Dec. 29, 1739. Her parents were shown as living in Flagon Row.

Know all Men by these Presents, That we John Penny
Shipwright, and Norbery Rout, Baker, both of St. Pauls Deptford, Kent

are holden and firmly bound to the Right Reverend Father in God
........... by Divine ................ Lord Bishop of Rochester
the sum of five hundred pounds ------------------------
of lawful Money of Great Britain, to be paid to the said Right Reverend
father ------- or his certain Attorney, Executors, Administrator's,
or Assigns: To which Payment, well and truly to be made, we bind
ourselves, and each of us by himself for the Whole, our ...............
tors and Administrators, firmly by these Presents. ...... with our
Seals. Dated the seventh ______ Day of September,
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and fifty eight.

The Condition of this Obligation, is such, That if hereafter there shall
not appear any lawful Lett or Impediment, by reason of any Pre-
Contract entered into before the 25th of March 1754, Consanguinity, Affinity,
or any other lawful Means whatsoever, but that the above bound on

John Penny and Elizabeth Rout

may lawfully Solemnize Marriage together, and in
the same afterwards lawfully remain and continue for Man and Wife,
according to the Laws in that Behalf provided:
And moreover, if there be not at
this present Time, any Action, Suit, Plaint, Quarrel, or Demand, moved or
depending before any Judge Ecclesiastical or Temporal, for or concerning any
such lawful Impediment between the said Parties: Nor that either of them
be of any other Parish or of any better Estate or Degree, than to the Judge
by granting of the Licence is suggested, and by the said John Penny sworn to

And lastly, If the same Marriage shall be openly solemnized in the Church,
in the Licence specified, between the Hours appointed in the Constitutions
Ecclesiastical confirmed, and according to the Form of the Book of Common-
Prayer, now by Law established; and if the above bounden John Penny
----------------- do save harmless and keep indemnified the above mentioned
Right Reverend Hughes Rif -------- Vicar General and his Surrogate,
and all other his Officers whatsoever by reason of the Premisses; then this
Obligation to be void, or else to remain in full Force and Virtue.

Sealed and delivered ......................... John Penney

in the Presence of
John Baker
............................ Norbery Rout

Page 2

Diocese of ...................... the sixth ------ Day of September 1758 Rochester
Appeared personally John Penny --------------------------
and made an Oath that he is of the Parish --------------- of St. Pauls
Deptford ------------------- in the County of Kent -------- which
has been the usual place of his abode for much more than four weeks
....... past aged twenty one ...................... The age ...... I am
a Bachelor ------------- and intend ...... marry with Elizabeth
Rout --------------------- a spinster ------------ aged twenty
one ---------------------------- ........... of the Parish -------------- of
St. Pauls Deptford ----------------- in the County of Kent ------- which
hath been the place of her lodging for much more than
four weeks ---------- ...................

and ........... or believing any Impediment by reason of -----
any present ......... entered into before the 24th Day of
March .......................................
whomsoever ................................................
................ for them to be married in the Parish Church of
St. Pauls Deptford, Kent -------------- aforesigned
Sworn before me

John Baker ........................ John Penney

Norbury Rout had m. Elizabeth Banks, June 7, 1736 at St. Margaret's, Lee, although both were given as of St. Nicholas, Deptford. Their first child was William, bp. on Dec. 2, 1736 at St. Nicholas. He was to follow in his father's footsteps as a baker, and continued to live in Flagon Row, where he raised a family of five children, all of whom were bp. at St. Nicholas. According to Vaugh Everett of Rochester, Kent, their son John, bp. Nov. 21, 1742, m. Hannah Warrington, Oct. 1, 1763 at St. Paul's, Deptford.

Norbury Rout was bp. Dec. 6, 1713 at St. Nicholas, the fifth child of seven b. to William and Sarah Rout. William Rout was a shipwright, and m. Sarah Terry on Feb. 27, 1704, also at St. Nicholas.

John and Elizabeth Penny's first child, Elizabeth, was bp, like all their children, at St. Paul's, Oct. 17, 1759. This was the year in which the British general James Wolfe captured Quebec City from the French. Baby Elizabeth was bur. in Oct., 1760 at the same church, the first year in the reign of King George III. A second daughter, Hannah, was bp. Feb. 13 or 23, 1761. One and one-half years later, a third daughter, Elizabeth Friend, was bp. Sept. 12, 1762; however, she d. as a child and was bur. June 20, 1764.

John and Elizabeth's first son, John, was bp. Sunday, Nov. 11. 1764. The parish entry recording his bp. used the present spelling of 'Penney', although it is first seen in Dockyard records in 1747 and 48. A second son, William, bp. April 20, 1766, d. four years later and was bur. Sept. 3, 1770. Thomas, a third son, was bp. July 31, 1768 and July 15, 1770 a fourth daughter, Ann, was bp. Thus in twelve years of marriage, 3 of their 7 children had d. young. Apparently John and Elizabeth were especially fond of the name William, since on April 20, 1772 they bp. a second child by that name. He is the one who carried on our Penney line. James Bravil was bp. March 15, 1774, but he d. 14 months later, May 23, 1775. Like the case with the two Williams, Aug. 15, 1776 a second child was bp. James. The last child to join John and Elizabeth's family was a third Elizabeth! She was b. Nov. 3, 1778 and bp. Dec. 7, 1778.

General conditions of the period

It was during this time that England finally accepted the Gregorian Calendar devised by Pope Gregory XIII in 1582. By 1752 the difference between the Julian (English) and Gregorian (Continental European) calendars was 11 days. An Act of Parliament in 1750 made Sept. 2, 1752 into Sept. 14, and moved the first day of the year from March 25 to Jan. 1. In this way England was brought into line with the rest of Europe.

Prior to 1752 there were two methods of reckoning time; the civil or ecclesiastical year, and the historical year. The former began on March 25, the latter on January 1. Hence the days between December 31 and March 25 were in two years. For example, February 25, 1750 in the modern style is February 25, 1749 according to the ancient civil year, and was usually expressed "February 25, 1749/50. Thus, a date such as January, 1660, is later in time than December, 1660.

Consumption (tuberculosis) was a leading cause of death in the 17th and 18th centuries. From 1729-43 this disease accounted for 14.1% of all deaths in some London parishes. This was particularly the case in adult males, and to a lesser extent in women and young people of both sexes. By 1774-93 tuberculosis was involved in only 8.5% of all deaths, and this dropped to 5.7% by 1833-35. Fever, probably resulting from various diseases, most notably typhus, influenza, dysentery, and spotted fever, were also leading causes of mortality. Fever deaths were generally greater in the summer than in other seasons. Gastrointestinal afflictions of many sorts were, of course, common because of contaminated water, food, bad housing, and the general lack of urban sanitation. Plague, which had taken so many in and about London in 1665, was the cause of few deaths in the 18th century. Smallpox was endemic, with flare-ups occurring at intervals of 2-8 years, the large majority of victims being children. Dropsy, a symptom of heart failure, occurred almost entirely among adults, mainly the aged.

It has been calculated that death of women during childbirth in this period was 19.3 per thousand live births, contrasted with a modern rate of 0.2 per thousand! It has also been calculated that at least 17.4% of all deaths occurred in early childhood. Death rates were highest for children in July, August and September, but least for adults during these months.

Many pastimes were enjoyed in the 18th century, some particularly brutal by present standards: Bull-baiting was popular; the bull was chained to a stake and anyone could, for a few pence, set his dog on it. Badger-baiting was a similar indoor sport. Cock-fighting was one of the most popular sports and a large variety of people, ranging from peers of the realm to laborers, bred their own fighting cocks. Wearing sharp spurs, they fought to the death. A favorite bird would be brought into an inn in a sack and all comers would be challenged for a barrel of ale. Cock throwing was also practiced, where a man standing 22 yards away, hurled a broomstick at a cockerel with one leg tied to a stake in the ground. To win the bird, he had to knock it down and pick it up before it recovered.

Cudgel-playing was always good for a crowd and involved two men armed with long sticks fitted with basket handles. They swiped and parried until blood was drawn or one was a moment too slow and was sent sprawling unconscious. Boxing was fighting with bare fists and involved the minimum of rules, a fight usually ending only when one man collapsed or was knocked out. Horse racing was also popular whenever some horses could be collected at a reasonably flat field. Quieter games were skittles, quoits and bell-ringing, using small handbells. Of course there was also football and cricket.

A curious law of the era was the Bastardy Act of 1732/33. It obliged the mother to declare her pregnancy and to name the father. Thence the parish officials would either coerce the parents into marriage, or obtain a Bond of Indemnification from the father, which made him legally responsible for payment for the child's upkeep. The intent was to keep large numbers of illegitimate children off parish doles lists.

His career in Deptford Dockyard

The male Penneys, as many others in similar circumstances, became shipwrights for several reasons: 1) it was one of the most respected skilled trades; 2) only the sons of shipwrights could afford to be trained as such, since the apprenticeship was long and began at a rather advanced age for those times (16 yrs), the pay was low or non-existent, and an apprentices' master normally took most of his earnings; 3) shipwrights working in dockyards which of necessity were always located near water and naval facilities where the press gangs operated, were as workers vital to the Navy, immune from the press.

John's name is found in the Dockyard records for 1755 and 1759. He took on an apprentice, Thomas Mason, during the first quarter of 1765. His own first son John was then still a baby. July 31st of that year he was promoted to quarterman. It was stated in 1765 that John Penny was age 35, 5' 5" tall, m. and from Deptford parish. In 1770 he was again listed as a quarterman shipwright, and training Thomas Mason. By 1775, his former apprentice having completed the required 7 years, John took on a second apprentice, George Slous. That same year the American Revolution began, including the battles of Lexington, Concord and Bunker Hill.

Jan. 1, 1777 John still held the rank of quarterman. He was said to be 5' 6-1/2" tall (repeated again in 1779 &1784) and had 7 children. The Jan., 1779 record provides three other important pieces of information about John: He served 1 yr 6 mos at sea (stated again in 1784) although we don't know when, was of "dark" complexion and was of "good character". Deptford was given as his "abode". He now had a third apprentice, his eldest son John (II), age 16, who entered the Dockyard Sept. 28, 1778. In the first quarter of 1780 and in Sept. of 1782 John was still a quarterman and was described on the latter date as a "sober, honest, good man". He was 53 yrs of age in 1783, having put in 30 yrs 6 mos of service in the Yard as a journeyman shipwright. In 1784 he was said to have been of "first class character". As of the first quarter of 1785 his son John was still his apprentice, albeit nearly finished.

As of 1790, John Penny, quarterman, was 60 yrs of age. His apprentice was now William, age 20, his third son. This is shown very clearly in the pay book for that year (ADM 42/580)(see below). William entered the Dockyard Oct. 3, 1785, being refused Dec. 27, 1784 for "not being of age". By 1794 William was a journeyman shipwright (see Chapter 4); however, in the third and fourth quarters of that year, his "wages (were) paid to (his) father John by order". The reason for this is unknown: it must have been an interesting story. As soon as William had completed his apprenticeship in 1792, James the fourth and youngest son was taken on for training by John. James entered the Dockyard Sept. 28, 1792. In 1795 and 96, James was continuing to train in the building of ships under his father's direction.

With all his living sons trained as shipwrights, John apparently cast about for one final apprentice; or more likely, John was sought out by aspiring youngsters, as he was one of the ablest shipwrights in the Yard. The privilege of having an apprentice was extended to only about one-sixth of the shipwrights. Sam Cass got the honor. During the first quarter of 1802 Sam was 18 yrs of age, while John was 73.

The name of Thankfull Sturdee, shipwright, was noted in the Yard records in both 1802 and 1815. He was probably the father of the well known photographer and local historian of Deptford in the latter half of the 19th century.

Strong new forces were reshaping Europe at this time and the 'wooden walls' played a major role in determining England's fate. In 1797 the British Navy defeated a combined Franco-Spanish fleet at Cape St. Vincent. In the same year thousands of 'jack tars' mutinied for weeks at Spithead (off Portsmouth) and at the Nore (off Sheerness). The following year the British fleet under Lord Nelson defeated the French in The Battle of the Nile.

The later years

By June 2, 1803 John Penny was pensioned off, leaving the service at the rank of foreman and 'leading man of shipwrights'. He received 24 per annum, 6 per quarter. Of the pensioners on the list at that time, shipwrights received 20 per annum, and laborers 10 per annum. He, with with two others got the highest rate. As a "superannuated artificer", he continued to collect his pension each quarter and sign his name each time in the accounts book in a very legible hand (ADM 106/2997).

In the summer of 1802 the First Lord of the Admiralty, St. Vincent, due to temporary peace, discharged from the Dockyards over one-quarter of the men recruited during the wars with Revolutionary France. Old and infirm men were discharged or superannuated (retired) and he ordered that no men be hired in the future over 28 years of age. When war came once again, the maximum age was raised to 35 in 1803, and 45 in 1804. In 1805 the age limit was eliminated entirely.

This was a very special time for a retired shipwright such as John. After 58 years of work in Deptford Royal Dockyard, he could see the British Navy at the peak of its power. Even though the Treaty of Amiens between Britain and France had been signed in 1802, war broke out again the next year. Bonaparte crowned himself Napoleon I, Emperor of the French in 1804, leading to a coalition of Britain, Russia, Austria and Sweden against France. In 1805, England's most famous naval victory was won; Lord Nelson defeated a Franco-Spanish fleet at Cape Trafalgar.

Dec. 31, 1803 John received his pension allotment of 6 for the Christmas quarter and signed his name (ADM 42/624, Pensions List, Deptford), along with Richard Butcher and John Woodward, the only other two men to receive 24 annually (see below). In the Michaelmas quarter of 1810 John again signed in the same strong hand and received 6, 1s and 6d (see below). However in 1811, on March 31, John only made his mark (x), his name being entered by someone else. A June 30, 1811 entry reads, "John Penny, died April 6, 1811".

Corroborating the latter, an entry in the St. Paul's parish register indicates he was bur. April 14, age 83. He was living on Dowling Street. Elizabeth, his wife, d. seven years earlier, and was bur. July 8, 1804 at the same church as her husband. Sadly no trace of their graves remains in the long lawn, once the church graveyard in front of St. Paul's, save a few large monuments. Near the Church front an impressive stone enclosed by a iron fence reads: "Thomas and Mary Marchant". It is from the 1830's.

John Penny must have been a fine man, of that I am strongly convinced. He led a long life of work, had many children, and was surrounded by a large family to the last. It is so frustrating, using every scrap of information available from my research and still not being able to see the real man clearly.

His will

The following is John's Will written in 1807 (Prob. 11/1511). It and the Death Duty record (IR26/170, pg. 166) are in the collection at the Public Record Office at Chancery Lane. The contents of both records prove illuminating indeed! As with Roger's Will, the copy below accurately reflects the original (see first page of same below).

"John Penney In the name of God Amen.
I John Penney shipwright of the parish of St. Pauls
Deptford in the County of Kent being of sound mind and memory
but weak in body and sensible that this mortal life must end
and all worldly possessions must be given up
so on this 28th day of October in the year of our Lord 1807
make this my last will and testament revoking all former wills,
deeds and promises made at any time or times
heretofore by me that is to say first I commend my soul
into the hands of my maker who gards it and my body
to the earth to be devoutly buried as it shall please God and
after my just and lawful debts are paid I will
and bequeath to my well beloved son James Penney
shipwright of the aforesaid parish for divers causes
hereunto moving me all and every of my goods and chatels
and yearly estates that I may possess at my decease
and I do hereby give and bequeath to the said James Penney
aforesaid all my clothes, books, china, prints, plate, and household
furniture, wearing apparel effects, monies and pension
that I may be possessed of or entitled to at or after my decease
the profits rents and rents and profits that may arise from my
four leasehold houses situated in Dowling Street Deptford
in the County of Kent to be solely appropriated for this the
aforesaid James Penneys use and for his use only during his
natural life and after his decease then shall the said four household
(leasehold?) houses be equally divided among the other three
brothers and three sisters living but if not living after time of the
decease of the said James Penney then to be equally divided among
the survivors of the aforesaid brothers and sisters
then living and I do hereby appoint for my lawful exec.
and admin Mr. John Penney of King Street Deptford,
Mr. Thomas Penney of Sheerness and Mr. William Penney
of Bark (Back?) Lane Deptford to execute this my last will and
testament executed on this 28th day of October the year above
named. In witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand and
sealed - John Penney - signed sealed,
published and declared by the said John Penney as his last will
and testament in the presence of us the subscribers
- Benjamin Porter(?) - Richard Porter(?).

Proved at London 18th April 1811 before the worshipful John
Daubany Doctor of Laws and Surrogate by the oaths of John Penney
and Thomas Penney the Sons and two of the executors to whom
administration was granted having been first sworn duly
to admin power reserved to William Penney the Son also
another executor."

The Death Duty was paid in April, 1811. It was listed in the register as John Penney, Saint Paul, Deptford. The sum was sworn by Griffiths to be under 100. John Penney, of the parish of St. Paul, Deptford, County of Kent, shipwright, was testator. John Penney of Princes Street, Rotherhithe, County of Surry (Surrey), and Thomas Penney of Sheerness, Garrison, County of Kent (sons), were named as executors. James Penney (son), was named universal Legatee for life. Under particulars it was stated: "All my effects for life. After his decease, four leasehold houses in Dowling Street, Deptford in the County of Kent to the other three brothers and three sisters or the survivors."

Where they lived and the surround

At the time of the birth of their first daughter Elizabeth, John and Elizabeth were residing in Queens Court, Back Lane, Deptford. However, according to the St. Paul's registers, throughout the 1760's and 70's and in 1804 they lived on the west side of Butt Lane, Deptford. Either they moved to Butt Lane, or their former dwelling in Queens Court took on a Butt Lane address. The west side of Butt Lane is in St. Paul's parish, not St. Nicholas, thus all their children were bp. at the former church. If their residence was at the Dockyard end of Butt Lane, it would have been located on what is now New King Street. Is it possible that Dowling Street was also a part of the renamed Butt Lane?

According to P. MacDougall in "Royal Dockyards" (1982), hundreds of small, timber-built cottages were clustered around the main gate, with King Street, Dog Street, and New Street being the most popular residential areas. Frequently housing continued right up to the Dockyard wall, while numerous alley-ways continued to be created wherever space permitted.

Fortunately the rate books give a more complete history of John and Elizabeth's residence in Deptford. They show that during the whole period from 1759 till 1804 the family lived on Butt Lane. For example, from 1760-1777, their rent was 5 per year; however, in 1780 and until 1790, their rent was raised to 6 per year. During the period 1782-86, two John Penneys were listed in Butt Lane, the second probably being John II. From 1793 till 1803 their rent was 7 per annum on Butt Lane. A 'poor tax' and a 'highway tax' were also levied each year, the former ranging from 5s, 3p to 12s, 10d and the latter 7p to 1s, 2d. From 1796 until 1803 William Penney was living nearby on New Queen (or King) Street.

During the time John and Eizabeth were raising their family in Deptford (1759-90), there were many other Penn(e)ys about. In Deptford itself, John Peney, a shipwright, and Ann his wife, lived in Butt Lane or King Street during the 1750's and 60's. Their children, Ann, Margaret, John, Thomas and Edward P., were all bp. at St. Paul's church. It may have been this John Penny who as a widower, m. Ann Hancock, at St. Paul's, Dec. 17, 1767. Another shipwright, Thomas Peney and wife Mary lived in the same neighborhood in the late 1750's. They had two children, Thomas and John. The senior Thomas, apparently d. in 1759 and was bur. at St. Paul's. Another John Penny, also a shipwright, m. Mary Pike, Oct. 19, 1778, at St. Paul's. They had eight children; Ann, John, William, Sarah, Sarah, Eliza, John E. and Elizabeth. In 1782 still another John Penny (maybe the latter), a widower of St. Paul's parish, m. Mary Lyals, a widow of St. Nicholas parish.

Just to the east in Greenwich, Morris Penny, a coachman, m. Jenny Boyd, April 10, 1761. They had four children, Jenny, William, Hannah and John. It was probably this same Morris Penny, who as a widower, m. to Sarah Roots, at St. Nicholas, Deptford, June 5, 1784. In 1781, Timothy, the son of Timothy and Margaret Penny, was b. and bp. in Greenwich, probably at St. Alphage. John Penney, a hairdresser, and wife Ann and children William and Mary Ann are recorded at Greenwich during the late 1780's. From what is known, no Penn(e)y lived in Woolwich at this time.

To the south and southwest, a John Penny m. Ann Spalding at St. Margaret, Lee, March 26, 1786. Nearby, George Penny, a 27 year old mariner, had m. 22 year old Mary O'Neil, Sept. 1, 1763, at St. Mary Magdalene, Bermondsey. Subsequently at the same church in 1771, an Alexander Penny m. Edeth Leeford, and in 1773 a James Penny m. Elisabeth Polard. James and Mary Penny in bermondsey had three children, Elizabeth, Mary and William M., all bp. at St. Mary Magdalene, between 1783 and 1793.

Next door in Rotherhithe, a Mary Penney m. John Gale, Oct. 8, 1761, at church of St. Mary. The next year the Londoners, Joseph Penny and Ann Fish, were m. there also. In 1785, James, the son of William and Apphia Susannah Penny, was bp. at St. Mary, Rotherhithe.

Across the river in Stepney, William was bp. at St. Mary, Whitechapel in 1758, son of John and Jane Penny. Three years later, a Mary was bp. at the same church, daughter of Richard and Mary Penny. And the list of Penn(e)ys and their children recorded in Stepney during this period goes on and on; John and Ann Penney (1764-75), Davison and Mary Anne Penny (1768-76), Frederick and Elizabeth Penny (1769-77), Alexander and Edith Penny (1774-83), Mathew and Hannah Pennie (1775), William and Eleanor Penny (1776), William and Margaret Penny (1779), William and Elizabeth Punney (1780), Thomas and Susanna Penney (1782), and Edward and Elizabeth (1784).

Hannah Penny, eldest surviving daughter of John and Elizabeth, was bp. Feb. 13 or 23, 1761. She m. William Hugill, "by Banns", Aug. 19, 1787 at the church of St. Mary, Rotherhithe. He was a "batchelor" and she was a "spinster". Both were stated to be "of this parish". The document (see below) was signed by both William and Hannah, indicating they could write. It was also signed by her father, John Penney, in his usual hand. The identification of Apphia Penney is unclear. John Sherman, curate (minister) officiated.

After finding the document at the Greater London Record Office, I was forced to photograph it off a microfilm reader, then have a negative made from the color slide, before photocopies could be made from the resulting black and white print. The GLRO, had no means of directly copying microfilm! The result is remarkable considering the obstacles involved.

William Hugill was a shipwright at Deptford Dockyard. He and Hannah may have had a son George, bp. Oct. 3, 1794, at St. Paul's, Deptford. They were living in King Street at that time. Another Hugill, Robert, a shipwright, was living on the same street between 1791-94, and had a daughter, Ann Maria, bp. at St. Paul's, Deptford.

Hannah must certainly have been one of the three surviving daughters named in John's Will in 1807 and Death Duty record in 1811. It may have been Hannah and William Hugill's son James, apprentice to Robert Burroughs, shipwright, who was listed at Deptford in the first quarter of 1810.

Other Hugills, possibly William's relations, were employed at the Yard: Sept. 1, 1748, Robert, shipwright, age 23; and Sept., 1782, a second Robert, also a shipwright, age 22.


Ref.: an abbreviated version of this chapter was published in the journal of the North West Kent Family History Society, June, 1984 (pg. 192-194).


3A. Marriage Licence and Bond for John Penny and Elizabeth Rout, dated Sept. 7, 1758. From: Rochester Marriage Bonds, Vol. 2, County Records Office, Maidstone, Kent. (2 pages).

3B. Marriage entry in the registers of St. Paul's, Deptford for John Penney and Elizabeth Rout (bottom).

3C. From Pay Lists, Deptford Dockyard, 1790 (ADM 42/580); Public Record Office, Kew, London. Note: John Penny, William Penny, William Hugill & John Penny.

3D. From Pensions List, Deptford Dockyard, Dec. 31, 1803 (ADM 42/624); Public Record Office, Kew, London. Note: John Penney, second from top.

3E. From Pensions List, Deptford Dockyard, 1810 (ADM 42/625); Public Record Office, Kew, London. Note: John Penney, second from top.

3F. Portion of Will of John Penney, 1807; Public Record Office, Chancery Lane, London.

3G. Marriage entry in parish register for William Hugill and Hannah Penney, St. Mary, Rotherhithe, 1767; Greater London Record Office, London.

Note: John Penny is the great great great great great grandfather of David G. Penney.

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