THE PENNEY LIBRARY, The Penney Family Book
GETTING STARTED: U.S. - ENGLAND CONNECTION
THE PENNEY FAMILY THROUGH 300 YEARS:
DEPTFORD, KENT; SHEERNESS, ISLE OF SHEPPEY, KENT;
AND THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
An Early Interest
My father, mother, grandfather and uncles often reminisced about members of the family. As children will do, I too often took little notice. Nonetheless an appreciation for our families' history was spawned in me.
In the summer of my 15th or 16th year I began asking questions about family relationships in an organized manner and committed the information to paper in the form of family trees (see below). Looking back on these jottings today they look incredibly primitive - barely scratching the surface of what we now know. However, they were a start!
No mention was ever made of great great grandpa George Scarnell in England, his comtemporaries, or his forebears when I was growing up. The only thing I knew was that the ancestors had been shipwrights and had come from the Isle of Sheppey, located somewhere in England. Even great Grandpa William Henry was only spoken of occasionally. My Dad was just twelve when he died so what he remembered was limited, and Grandpa George seemed reluctant to talk much about him. Thus, while we knew a rich lore about relatively recent members of the family, nothing was known about the Sheerness or Deptford eras.
Not until 1975 after my promotion and tenuring as Associate Professor at the University of Illinois, did I again have the time and energy to ask questions about such matters. And this I began to do in earnest! In the summer of 1976, Pop and I spent two days with Uncle Cy and Aunt Mable at their house on Gardenia - these were very exciting sessions which I recorded on tape and in which he told us about George Scarnell, father of William Henry. He showed us William's photo album, George Scarnell's Bible full of names and dates, Mary Ann's prayer book, and George Scarnell's letter to William Henry upon Mary Ann's d. He proudly recited his grandparent's address, "75 Rose Street, Mile Town, Sheerness-on-Sea, Isle of Sheppey, Kent, England". Mable showed us recent letters from Jeanie Bardens in California, great grand-dau. of George John Penney, George Scarnell's oldest son. True, the picture presented later needed considerable sharpening, but Cy's sharing of his knowledge with us just one year before his d., provided the foundation for much of my later research. For this we all owe him an enormous debt of gratitude. It still boggles my mind when I think that much of this fat book developed from such scant initial information.
After landing a new professorial position in the Department of Physiology at Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, in 1977, and selling my house in Oak Park, Illinois, my oldest son Loren and I flew to England and Europe for one month. While the official reason for the trip was that of giving research talks at Nijmegen University in Holland and at Halle in East Germany, as well as attending a physiology meeting at Churchill College, Cambridge, it was also my intention to spend a few days snooping around Sheerness (I had been there once before, briefly one evening in the early 70's, but learned nothing). We found a comfortable bed-and-breakfast in the house of Mrs. Clark, on Trinity Rd. behind the purple door, just off Broadway. I questioned the local merchants about the name Penney, read our name on the clock tower (W.J. Penney), visited the local library, etc. all in an effort to discover what I could.
One evening I just began randomly phoning Penneys in the local directory. On the third call, I believe it was, I reached Colin Penney of Oak Lane, Minster. In retrospect that proved to be an enormously lucky event. For years he also had been interested in the family history, but had done relatively little. Presently he came to collect me in his Renault, while the out-going Mrs. Clark and some of her boarders looked after young Loren (then only 8 years old). Colin and I commenced to unravel our common relationship in several hours of conversation. Needless to say, we were not able to accomplish much that evening, other than conclude that the story was much more complicated that we had imagined and that much more research would have to be done. Our collaboration these past fourteen years has been especially fruitful. For the most part his role has been to collect the raw data, especially with regard to the newspaper and Census records, while mine has been to assemble the many scraps of information into a coherent picture.
The following narrative tells of my trip to the U.K. the following year, one dedicated almost entirely to genealogical research. However, many additional research expeditions were taken in subsequent years.
My brother Alan and my son Morgan and I arrived at Gatwick Airport, 8:05 a.m., Thursday, July 20, 1978. After going through Customs, picking up our luggage and renting a Ford Escort at Crawley, Sussex, we drove through East Grinstead, Royal Tunbridge Wells, Maidstone, Sittingbourne and on to Sheerness. After speaking with Colin's wife Kathleen on the phone from the train station in Sheerness, we drove to Phyllis' house (103 Harps Ave., Minster). We visited Colin briefly, had dinner with Phyllis and went to bed at 9:15 p.m. Jet lag had caught up with us! Following 12-1/2 hours of sound sleep we were ready to spend two more weeks on the fabulous journey into our family's history.
At this point permit me to skip ahead to July 31, a Monday. Alan and Morgan went to Woolwich Rotunda and Royal Artillery Museum, while Colin and I took the train from there (Woolwich) on to London, Waterloo Station, and visited the Greater London Records Office. Since the summer of 1977 when Colin and I had met, we had known there were three male Penneys who had been b. approximately 1800 and who had been the progenitors of large families in Sheerness. This information was amassed from the bp.*, m., and bur. records, mostly held at Maidstone County Hall. These Penneys were John, Thomas and Henry.
It soon became clear that John and Thomas were brothers. Colin wrote in Nov., 1977: "I am fairly certain my Thomas and your John were brothers. They both had two children each bp. at Minster on the same day, Feb. 9, 1845 - a family outing? Also, when Josiah Penney d. Aug. 31, 1918 (a son of Thomas) it was said he was a cousin of W.J. Penney (a son of John)". At that time we could find no evidence to suggest that Henry was also a brother or who their father might be. Furthermore, we did not know at first where they were b. We were certain however that they were not b. in Sheerness, since there are few records of Penneys on the Isle of Sheppey before the 1810.
A local Sheerness newspaper article from ca. 1924 gave more evidence: "The Family of Mr. W.J. Penney J.P. References have been made for two weeks in succession to relatives of Mr. W.J. Penney J.P., the grand old man of Sheppey. But it would appear that some of the claims to relationship are rather remote. The late Mrs. Twigg and Mr. W.J. Penney were only third cousins and the late Mrs. Twigg's father and Mr. W.J. Penney's father were second cousins. The grandfather of Mrs. Twigg was a foreman of Sheerness Dockyard quite 10 years before the father of Mr. W.J. Penney as a boy of 4 years of age came from Deptford to Sheerness. Mr. W.J. Penney's father was born in the year 1796, so that the lives of father dead and son living cover a period of 128 years, a truly remarkable record".
So Colin and I strolled into the dusty archives in the basement of the Records Office where the church records for Deptford (Kent) are maintained. We were very excited as we first went through the St. Nicholas parish bp. registers, found a few Penneys, but none fit. Next, we looked at St. Paul's parish, starting about 1780, and found several Pennys and Penneys. Spelling varied widely at that time. Even today, don't we all get mail addressed Penny; seems that second e is invisible! Then, "Dec. 8, 1793, Charles Penney, son of William and Hannah, King Street, vocation, shipwright". This was interesting, because most of the male Penneys in Sheerness had been shipwrights. Since Deptford also had a Royal Dockyard (since the late 15th century), many inhabitants would have worked at the same trade. Next, we found as each of us rapidly scanned the faint screen on the microfilm reader (it produces fantastic headaches!) "March 13, 1796, John Penney, son of William and Hannah, King Street, shipwright". We had hit the jackpot! Next, "Nov. 26, 1797, Thomas Penney", son of the same couple; thus, confirmation that they indeed were brothers. Finally, among six more of their children (Elizabeth, Elizabeth, William, Joseph, Letitia), "Henry, Jan. 18, 1801". So, Henry was also a brother. You might imagine our joy and satisfaction at making these discoveries. It alone had made my trip to England worthwhile! Thus we concluded that John, Thomas and Henry had come from a family of at least nine children whose father and mother were William and Hannah Penney. For greater detail on William and Hannah's family turn to Chapter 4.
Somewhat later we made contact with descendants of Joseph, a younger brother to John, Thomas, and Henry. In a letter to me in Feb., 1979, Colin said he had made a "random" phone call to a Ronald Penney in Thanet (Kent), near Margate. Ronald said their Joseph Penney was b. May 2, 1806. This was just 23 days before a Joseph Penney was bp. at Deptford, son of William and Hannah. According to Ron, Joseph and his wife Margaret had a large family: William John Martin, John, Hannah, Letitia, George Joseph, Elizabeth, Joseph, Joseph, James, and Thomas. Notice that these names are the same as those of his supposed father's family: William, John, Hannah, Letitia (uncommon), Elizabeth, and Thomas! The first son was named William John, the names of his supposed grandfather and great grandfather! We now know that this Joseph is indeed our Joseph, brother to John, Thomas, and Henry. Probably the reason we had not discovered them earlier was that they relocated to Rotherhithe (Surrey) from Deptford, a town nearby and also a shipbuilding center on the Thames. They were caulkers by trade.
Although the seafront at Sheerness where the Thames Estuary meets the River Medway had been used for cleaning, refitting and building of ships since 1665, it was only in the early 19th century that it came into prominence as a major dockyard (see Chapter 19). Major modernizing and enlarging work began at Sheerness in 1815, the overall cost eventually reaching over £3,000,000. This would have been an excellent time for young shipwrights or apprentices in the trade to have made a start. A Sheerness newspaper report of June 10, 1926, memorializing the d. of W.J. Penney states that John Penney joined the Sheerness Economical Society in 1820, four years after its formation. Therefore, the family was on the scene by that date, and actually earlier as we now know (see Chapter 4 & Chapter 8).
Back to our trip. On Friday, July 21, we went into Sheerness and saw Mr. Arthur Cassells at his bookstore on Broadway. He is a friendly chap who has had many local histories reprinted and thus made available to the public. On Saturday we visited the Isle of Sheppey Cemetery at Halfway, whose tombstones contain a wealth of genealogical information. Then Colin took us up to Harty, a desolate part of Sheppey, which in medieval times was a separate island. There in a small churchyard he had found two Brisley graves from the 18th century, man and wife. Brisley is an old family name on Sheppey, and is of considerable interest to us, since George Scarnell Penney m. Mary Ann Brisley (see Chapter 9).
On Sunday, July 23, Alan, Morgan, and I drove toward London and visited with Vivienne Ruth Penney at her home in Sidcup (see Chapter 17). She is an official in the India Archives Office, London. She has a charming house in the residential suburb east of London, with large trees in front and a flower and vegetable garden in back. She has been interested in the family history for some time, and was one of the first to contact Colin and I via Lord Penney (see Chapter 17) after my 1977 trip to the U.K. She has little family, as her parents are both d. and her two brothers, Frank and Allan d. in 1924 and 1948, respectively. Her father was an Admiralty draughtsman. She alerted us to Norman Penney's book, My Ancestors (1920). She also told us of a book or manuscript by Peter Penney, in which he is purported to have traced the family back to the Battle of Crecy. It is said that at this battle, a lieutenant Penn was the first to sight the French advance and henceforth was known as "Penn-of-the-eye" - the name subsequently being shortened to Penney or several of its variants.
Vivienne travels extensively, having been to France and New Zealand the previous year. She is a cook of the first rank. She served us a wonderful lunch of meat and vegetables from her garden - it was really a full course dinner. We were sorry not to have been able to spend more time with her. In a Dec. 11th letter to me she proudly announced the b. of James Allan Craig (Aug. 6, 1978), her great nephew, the third child of John Craig (Penney) King and Sarah E. Stewart.
On July 24, Monday, after leaving the Mentone Hotel in Cartwright Gardens (Bloomsbury section of London), we visited the British Museum and saw the mummy collection, a very popular item with Morgan. In the afternoon while Alan and Morgan took in the Imperial War Museum, I went to the Guildhall Library to look at Norman Penney's book. It is quite impressive, but we cannot connect his line to ours. It starts with George Penney (I) b. in 1680 at Berry Pomeroy, in Devonshire. It proceeds through Georges II, III and IV, to Harrison Penney and his son Norman, the author of the book, b. in 1858. A lovely rendition of the family coat-of-arms (crest) in the frontispiece I photographed, re-inked, and you now find it in this book. Please note that this is not our coat of arms, but I have taken the liberty to borrow it!
I might mention another published Penney genealogy: "A Genealogical Record of the Descendants of Thomas Penney of New Gloucester, Maine" by J.W. Penney (1897). It is held in the Library of the National Society of the Daughters of the American Revolution, Washington, D.C. We know of no relationship to these Penneys either.
On July 25th, Colin and I spent a morning in the Springfield Library at Maidstone, the Kent County seat, scanning the Census records for Sheppey from the early 19th century. They can be very useful in genealogical research, although one must be aware that peoples' ages stated in the record are often not exact. We then drove the half mile to the Kent County Archives (Maidstone) and reviewed church records there for Sheppey which we had missed earlier. The next day we came back to the Archives to spend a full day developing headaches. We were especially interested in getting data (bp., m. and bur.) on the women who had m. Penney men, as well as on men who had m. Penney women.
During the time we were in Sheppey we stayed at the home of Phyllis Penney in Minster, sister to Colin. She is a sparkling lady who we soon came to dearly love. She has a cat, "Puss", whom Morgan grew very fond of. We had many good times at Phyllis' drinking tea, watching the "tele", and "washing up" (dishes) after one of her delicious meals. She works at a center for both mentally and physically handicapped children varying in age from b. to 16 years.
On July 27, Thursday, Alan, Morgan, and I left Sheppey and drove south and west in our dark blue Ford Escort to Brighton, continued along the south coast to Portsmouth where we toured the HMS Victory (Lord Nelson's flagship at the Battle of Trafalgar), and found a comfortable bed-and-breakfast. The next day, Friday, we motored on through beautiful Dorsetshire and into Devonshire to the little town of Budleigh-Salterton, where Muriel (Watts) Huntley lives. The coast was surprisingly warm. The grass was a bright green and the sea a deep blue. From the high hills one could see far out to sea with many small boats bobbing in the sunshine. Muriel owns a condominium in a charming area on Little Knowle Road. She was a gracious hostess and set before us a fine dinner meal. She had prepared beds for us for the night, but unfortunately time was so short that we had to depart shortly after dinner.
In the early afternoon she took Alan and I on a brisk walk to the seaside and through the village. We were barely able to keep up with her, although we were many years the younger and at least 8 inches taller. She is a very fit lady. Muriel had first written me after our 1977 trip to the U.K. and has been immensely helpful in providing the details on Henry Timothy Penney's family, of which I knew almost nothing (see Chapter 10). H.T. was also a shipwright, and eventually became foreman in charge of the building slip at Sheerness Dockyard. He personally had charge of the building of eight vessels, including the Gannet in 1878. Muriel m. Albert Huntley who d. in 1972. Muriel also has a copy of the Penney coat-of-arms, which she kindly allowed me to photograph. She translates the family motto as, "Hope in adversity, fear in prosperity". She said her mother, who m. Frank Herbert Watts, "had always been proud of being a Penney". She also had a number of the original newspaper memorial notices about H.T. Penney and she kindly gave them to me.
After almost not finding a bed-and-breakfast in Salisbury the night before, on Saturday, July 29, our sturdy little car took us up to East Hendred in Berkshire (Wantage) to see Lord and Lady Penney (see Chapter 17). They are not far from Stonehenge, which we saw on the way. I'm afraid we dropped in on them rather unexpectedly. Bill (he insisted on being called Bill) was painting the front hall of their 300 plus year old house when we arrived. They had just had some remodeling done and a new window installed in the livingroom. The house was built in the middle 17th century, has white plaster walls, a tile roof and original hand-hewn beams in the ceiling. A very comfortable abode.
Bill showed us his wine cellar and also a chest-of-drawers and round wooden table built by his grandfather, George Penney in the last century. Behind their house was a large yard, divided by a chalk wall with its own thatched roof. On the right side was a beautiful rose garden with well manicured grass and on the left a large vegetable garden, probably 2 acres in all. We immediately were guided to the vegetable garden, where the gardener had picked broad beans and Bill dug potatoes for our lunch. We shelled the beans together around a bucket. What fun, and all the while, Bill was telling us of his family history. We ate a delicious lunch with Bill and Joan next to the chalk wall in a little roofed garden veranda. It was a sunny warm wonderful day.
While Lady Penney took Alan and Morgan into Oxford (about 20 miles) to shop and see the university town, Lord Penney and I talked more of his family. His grandfather George, had been a joiner (carpenter) and worked in the Dockyard. His father, William Alfred, 96 years of age at the time and residing at Blair Park in Milton near Sittingbourne, had been a Sergeant Major in the British Army. He was stationed at Gibraltar, where Bill was b. and later at Kantara in Palestine, shortly before WW I. Later he was active in the Sheerness Building Society.
Bill attended the Sheerness Technical School and Institute on Broadway (now demolished) and later London University. In 1931 he was granted the Ph.D. degree in atomic physics at the Imperial College of Science and Technology and Cambridge University. He was granted the Doctor of Science degree in 1937 in London. He was a member of a group of British and American Scientists who assembled the two atomic bombs in the Mariannas in 1945 at the close of WW II. In 1967, Bill was made a Life Baron, thus Lord Penney. For the non-British reader, the title of Life Baron is for one's lifetime only and cannot be passed on to one's descendants. More recently, he was Head of the Imperial College of Science, London. He is now retired.
Lord Penney in his letter of Aug. 2, 1977, related a story about a portrait which hung in the front room of his grandmother's house and of which she was very proud: "It was in oils, with some artistic merit, but with no identification marks. A youngish man (30-35), quite good looking in some smart clothes and cravat. My grandmother said it was Dr. Penney - brother of her husband's grandfather or thereabouts. A ship came into Sheerness with the plague and this Dr. Penney went aboard to do what he could, caught the disease and died. The victims were bur. on Dead Man's Island, a small mud flat covered with grass in the Medway off Queenborough". Bill doubts the good doctor was related, "as the Penneys were journeymen craftsmen and a doctor does not fit in with this class of people". Bill says the family was all Wesleyan, and he suggests that I look in Samuel Pepys diary for the history of the building of the Sheerness Dockyard. However, that occurred in the late 17th century, and the Penneys didn't arrive on the scene in Sheerness until the very early 19th century.
Bill also showed us a copy of his grandfather and grandmother's m. record (see photographs). George Penny (Penney) and Emma Williams were m. Dec. 22, 1864, he 21 and a "bachelor" and she, 18, and a "spinster". His father was Thomas Penney, a shipwright, and hers, John Williams, a blacksmith. The m. was solemnized in the parish church at Minster in the presence of witnesses, Thomas Penney and Esther Johnson.
On Sunday, July 30, we took Phyllis, Wendy and her children; Warren, Gary, and Brett out to eat at the Whitehouse (restaurant), in Minster. We enjoyed a brief tour through the old Dockyard and viewed huge ship figureheads all brightly painted and propped up in the public area. The old Dockyard Church and School are still there, but unused. We also went up to old Minster Abbey Church and looked around the graveyard, but most of the monuments are unreadable. It is the second oldest church in England and sits on the site, the highest point on the Isle of Sheppey, which has been used in various capacities since pre-Roman times. The next day our research was crowned with success by the discoveries in London, mentioned earlier.
July 31, a Monday, was our last full day in England. Colin took us to Blue Town, Sheerness, which lies adjacent to the Dockyard. He pointed out 'Rats Bay', the Royal Fountain Hotel where Lord Nelson presumably was a guest, and the quarters of several provisionary companies, now defunct along High St. We also saw the old Blue Town school, ready to be "pulled down". This part of Sheerness got its name from the color of the houses, painted with naval blue paint (actually battleship gray), which workers "borrowed" from the Dockyard (see Chapter 19). In 18th century records this area is called the 'Blue Houses'.
Next, we went over to Queenborough where in the Guildhall there are photographs of all the Sheerness Urban District Council Chairmen over the last 97 years. Walter John Penney (see Chapter 13) was among them as Chairman in 1912, although his name was misspelled "Penny". We also found a cornerstone we had earlier missed, reading, "Pioneers of Co-operative Production - this stone was laid by Mr. W.J. Penney, president, on the 8th of May, 1875". It was the foundation stone of the first steam powered flour mill on the Isle of Sheppey (near the corner of Broad Street and Railway Road). According to "Co-operative Centenary 1816-1916: History of the Sheerness Economical Society Ltd.", prepared by W. Henry Brown (1918), the inauguration of the mill was a great occasion: "There was a tea to which the members and dealers (non-members) were invited. The band of the 13th Kent Artillery Volunteers played stirring music as the crowd gathered." The building was for some time home to the Sheerness Times-Guardian Newspaper Co.
Later that day we motored to Sittingbourne and briefly visited with Mary and Bill Absalom, who had just returned from holiday. They have a fine house in Borden Lane. Bill works in London and commutes each day by train, Sittingbourne being on the main line. They have two daughters, Linda and Jane and a son, Mark. Linda m. Peter Stephens and they had a dau., Karen, b. in 1977; so, Bill and Mary were rather new grandparents at that time. I might add, they have been very kind to me in providing vital genealogical information.
Mary's great grandfather, Frederick Robert Penney (see Chapter 15), was a butcher in Sheerness, doing business and residing at 73 High Street. This is directly in front of the Edward and Alexandra clock tower and next to the Britannia Hotel. He and his wife Cordelia Ricken, had 9 children. Their eldest son, Frederick Charles, took over the business upon his father's d. in 1916. He m. Florence A. Austin and they had one dau., Margaret Irene Penney, Mary's mother.
After saying goodbye to Bill and Mary, we retraced our route of two weeks earlier through Kent and Surrey back to Gatwick for the flight home. We found a bed-and-breakfast in Redhill, and the next morning dropped our rented car off in Crawley. We then took the bus back to the airport to board our Dan-Air London intercontinental 707 for Detroit Metro Airport. It had been a fascinating trip. We had learned much, had seen much and had met many wonderful people.
As it turned out, this trip was only the beginning of the research which has now some 14 years later resulted in this book. In 1980, Susan and I visited England together, I spending an extra week after she returned home, doing research in Sheppey and London. In 1982, I spent 4 weeks in England - the first two by myself doing more research, and the second two travelling about with Alan, Loren and Morgan. In 1984 Loren, Morgan and I came over together and I spent the best part of 3 weeks gathering more facts (see newspaper article from 1984). The boys were especially lucky, spending an additional two weeks on Sheppey after I left. In September, 1986 I flew over for 2 weeks of intense research, mainly on Sheppey and in London. I felt this might be my last opportunity for so much free time alone in the "homeland", with Elizabeth Caroline 2-1/2 years old and Hannah Vera expected in November. Nonetheless, I was able to return in July, 1987 with Elizabeth in tow and added a few more bits to the story. Yet the more research I do, the more I realize this project will never be finished! In 1990, Elizabeth and I returned after a three-year interval and I was able to add a few more bits. A visit of one week this year has put all the pieces in place.
The earliest versions of this book were written by hand. These were typed up, and as new material was added, the chapters and genealogical outlines were modified by cutting and pasting. I purchased my first computer in 1979, an Apple II-plus. The ability to do word-processing on this machine vastly increased my ability to organize and store data, and to prepare chapter drafts. Later, a somewhat faster and smaller, Apple IIc computer was acquired, but still due to the word-processing software I was using and the machines RAM capacity, the maximum length of text files was only 5-6 pages. In 1990, I purchased an Apple Macintosh, II ci, an entirely different and far more powerful machine. With 4 megabytes of RAM, an 80 megabyte hard drive, and a clock speed of 25 megahertz, huge amounts of data and text could be handled swiftly, in files hundreds of pages in length. This, coupled with the ability to use many different fonts and font sizes, and direct printing on a laser printer, meant that publishable copy was directly available. Converting the old Apple II text files to the 'Mac' format was, however, not so easy as I at first thought. Nevertheless, it was eventually accomplished, and with the final additions and editing in 1991-92, the finished work you are now reading resulted.
The chapters following are of three sorts: 1) those drawing a portrait of a family member or of a particular line, and arranged in chronological order; 2) those attempting to set the stage of the times and working conditions in the periods in which our ancestors lived, and 3) those presenting data and showing the relationships within families, i.e. genealogical outlines. It was felt best to divide the book into three volumes, Vol. I being mainly the story of the Penneys in England, Vol. II being concerned with those Penneys who left England for the United Sates and elsewhere, and Vol. III containing genealogical outlines of the various Penney branches, allied families, and others possibly related. This arrangement makes it possible for volumes of greatest interest to people to be purchased separately, and allows each portion of the book to be of convenient physical size.
Inevitably due to the almost exclusive use of archival records to flesh out a picture in the earliest periods as opposed to writing from memories and personal experience, the former may seem flatter and less life-like; however, let us be certain; our ancestors were real people like you and I, who loved, who hated, who worked, etc! If only letters, diaries, etc. had come down to us today. Nonetheless, I have done my best with what is available without taking undue license with the facts, and do apologize for whatever inadequacy exists.
1A. Part of family tree drawn by David G. Penney, age
16-17, ca. 1956-57.
1B. Article about the Penney book from the Sheerness
Times-Guardian, Friday, Aug. 17, 1984.
* b. = birth, born
bp. = baptism
bur. = burial
m. = marriage
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